W|W East Africa Impact Report
January - June 2018
Thank you, for your support of the Wine To Water Programs in Ethiopia and the Filter Program!
Ethiopia Summary Impact
This project is about personal and community transformation using the power of water in Adulala.
This small rural village is located in the Arsi Negele District of the West Arsi Zone in the Oromia Region. It is situated in the Great Rift Valley of Ethiopia approximately 240 km south of Addis Ababa, about a four-hour drive.
The total cost of the project was $21,070. This includes installation of the solar panels, the water storage and distribution system. This new system will serve 1,600 beneficiaries. To serve the equivalent number of people with new wells and hand pumps would have required two additional wells at a cost estimated to be $40,000.
Solar powered groundwater pumping systems have become practical and affordable solutions in Ethiopia where the power grid is unavailable or unreliable and the cost of drilling new wells is high. They are also easy to install and maintain with a life expectancy of approximately 20 years.
This solar pumping system includes a Grundfos electric submersible pump, controller, solar panels, supply line, elevated reservoir for gravity flow, and a public water point consisting of three taps. The three faucets help the community women and girls to fetch water easily from the taps, now women and children no longer have to spend time hand pumping to fill their jerry cans (water containers).
Ethiopia Impact Story
Mammay is also responsible for collecting water for her family. She started by fetching water from a polluted river that took three hours out of each day. Mammay is a mother of 9 children and a leader of the Water Use Committee (WUC) that manages the productive drinking water-well that was constructed near her home in 2009.
The Water Use Committee charges families a small fee for water and with these water funds they have been able to make micro loans to many women in the community further increasing the impact of the clean water solution.
The population has grown with time and the pump has been overused causing frequent breakdowns. A new solar-powered pump and tank delivery system was installed in May 2018 which has revolutionized the lives of all the women and girls that collect water.
Mammay can also irrigate her gardens to produce even more fruits and vegetables. She is filled with joy!
Ethiopia Summary Impact
Wine To Water rehabilitated one existing well and constructed one new well in Wando Genet District. This highly populated District is in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region (SNNPR) of Ethiopia. It is the convergence area of the Sidama Zone and Oromia situated in the great Rift Valley
The cost of rehabilitating the existing well in Kollo Village was $3,000 and $4,200 was applied to cost of the new well in Deriba Village for a total contribution of $7,200. Each well serves nearly 300 and 390 people respectively for a total of 690 beneficiaries.
Traditional drinking water sources include unprotected shallow hand-dug wells, springs, and rivers. The hand dug wells are not sealed and water is drawn using inner tubes or buckets. Being shallow, the wells stop yielding in the dry season as the water table drops.
Typically, wells in Ethiopia are 3 to 8 meters in depth but do not penetrate deep enough into the aquifer to provide a source of water throughout the year. The average fluctuation of the water table is 2 meters. The wells repaired and constructed are sealed from contaminated runoff and penetrate at least 10 meters into the aquifer.
A new Water Use Committee was formed for the new well comprised of 4 women and 3 men elected by the community. This Committee is responsible for maintaining and repairing the pump and can charge a user fee to raise the funds to do it. Each of the heads of households went through training to improve sanitation and hygiene practices in their homes.
New Well at Deriba Village:
The Deriba well was constructed using the manual percussion method and fitted with an Afridev handpump. The pump suction position was set at 15 meters. PVC casing was installed with water ingress sections located opposite the most permeable zones (fine sand aquifers). River gravel was packed around the casing and the well was developed using compressed air.
Well Rehabilitation at Kollo Village at Watera Gando:
The existing well that was rehabilitated is in the highlands of the Wando Genet District. The well was not functioning for the last 5 months; the main problem was the well had been filled by silt.
(See Fig. 2)
All the pump parts were not working as a result of siltation. The people had to travel over 3km round trip to get water from an unprotected spring source. The well was developed and cleaned with all new rods and pump unit supplied and installed. The well disinfected with chlorine.
The Water Use Committee was strengthened with additional training in managing the water point. WaSH training was also provided to all the heads of households served by the well.
(See Fig. 3)
Ethiopia Impact Story
Tadelech Hamero, Deriba (See Fig. 1)
Tadelech Hamero is a 30 year old woman and matriarch of an 8-person household including her husband. She married at an early age and at the age of 30 she is the mother of 6 children.
She said, “I quit my education early and opted to marry at the age of 16 due to a burden on women who are responsible for all household works including milking and cleaning cattle dung as well as fetching water from the well location far from my parent’s house. I regretted cutting classes and later on quitting school. One main reason was the lack of clean water in my village. I was traveling daily for water which took me 1 hour to bring water from the well. For this reason I was frequently absent from school lessons... "
She added that very recently she was unable to carry water containers on her back as she is feeling spinal cord pain in addition to delivering and raising six children.
With the new well now in place, the village women and children are now alleviated of the burden of walking far to get water.